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Which is the largest producer of lac in India?

Which is the largest producer of lac in India?

Jharkhand has the reputation of being India’s biggest producer of lac, a scarlet-coloured resin secreted by an insect on trees. The state accounts for more than 50 per cent of the country’s lac produce. In 2004-05, Jharkhand produced 10,780 tonnes of lac.

What is lac product?

Lac is a natural resin secreted by Indian lac insect, Kerria lacca (Kerr), which thrives on the tender twigs of specific host trees.

How is lac produced?

Hint: Lac is secreted by lac insects. It is the resinous secretion of lac insects. Harvesting of the lac is done by cutting the tree branches that hold sticklac. The life-span of the male lac insect is very less as compared to females.

Where is lac used in India?

The main lac producing states in India are Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand , Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa , Maharashtra and Gujarat. The cultivation of lac is at present mainly confined to the conventional lac hosts trees of Palas , Ber and Kusum.

Which country is largest producer of lac?

The leading producer of lac is Jharkhand, followed by the Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, and Maharashtra states of India. Lac production is also found in Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, parts of China, and Mexico.

Which country leads in lac production?

India is the largest producers of lac in the world and adds to about 70% of the world’s need.

How many types of lac are there?

Depending on the host plant, lac is of two types: Kusumi Lac: insects are reared on Kusum plants, and lac is harvested from these plants. Ranjeeni Lac: when the lac insects are reared on non-Kusum plants, the lac is known as Ranjeeni lac.

What are the various uses of lac?

Lac has diverse uses. Lac is used in making toys, bracelets, sealing wax, gramophone records, bangles etc. It is by the jewelers and goldsmiths as a filling material in the hollows of gold and silver ornaments.

What states use lac?

Which country is highest producer of lac?

Is lac a forest product?

Lac is the most important animal product obtained from the forests. It is secreted by a minute insect (Laccifer lacca) which feeds on the saps of a large variety of trees like palash, peepul, kusum, sissoo, sisir, kul, gular, ber, banyan, jujuba and ghont.

Which country is first in lac production?

India is the largest producers of lac in the world and adds to about 70% of the world’s need.

Who was the father of lac culture?

In 1709 Father Tachard discovered the insect that produced lac. First of all Kerr (1782) gave the name Coccus lacca which was also agreed by Ratzeburi (1833) and Carter (1861). Later Green (1922) and Chatterjee (1915) called the ac- insect as Tachardia lacca (kerr). Finally, the name was given as Laccifer lacca.

Which country has first position in lac?

In which season lac crop produces more?

Lac larvae are inoculated in June-July. Male insect emerges m August-September. Female give rise to swarming larvae in October-November and the crop is reaped in Kartik (October and November).

What is the economic importance of lac?

Economic Importance of Lac Lac is largely used as a sealing wax and adhesive for optical instruments. It is used in electric industry, as it is a good insulator. It is used in preparations of shoe and leather polishes and as a protective coating of wood.

Which tree produces lac?

Ninety per cent of lac is produced on palash, ber and kusum trees.

Who was father of lac culture?

Father Tachard
So, one can assume that Indians know the inflammable nature of lac and its other uses too. Other than this, Indians have been using lac for making toys and ornaments. Evidence also suggests the use of Lac by ancient Romans and Greek people. The scientific study of lac was started by Father Tachard in \(1709.

What are uses of lac?

Lac is used in ammunition, airplanes, furniture polish and perfumes, and in making bangles, imitation fruits and flowers. The scientists’ motive was to give lac farmers a host plant that grows faster and reduces tree-based farming. Ninety per cent of lac is produced on palash, ber and kusum trees.

What are two lac state uses?

This resin has been used for making traditional and tribal bangles, and still used as sealing wax by the India Post. It is also used as wood finish, skin cosmetic and dye for wool and silk in ancient India and neighbouring areas.

What is the production of raw lac in India?

The production of raw lac in India is approximately 20,000 metric tonnes per year. Lac culture has been a good source of foreign revenue. The major lac producing states in India are Jharkhand- 57%, Chhattisgarh- 23% and West Bengal- 12%. Other minor producers include Odisha, Maharashtra, Assam, Andhra Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh.

Where can I learn about LAC processing and development in India?

Read this article to learn about lac processing and development of lac products in India! Research and Development on Cultivation and Processing of Lac is being done at the Indian Lac Research Institute, (ILRI) Namkum, Ranchi established in 1925 by the then Indian Lac Association for Research.

What is the Export Export of Lac from India?

Export of Lac from India is mainly in the form of shellac, button lac, seed lac, dewaxed lac, bleached lac and Aleuritic lac. While enhancing production quantity, quality also needs equal emphasis to meet the national and international demands.

Where does most of India’s Lac come from?

Over 90% of Indian lac produced comes from the states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Eastern Maharashtra and northern Orissa. Some pockets of lac cultivation also exist in Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Mysore, Gujarat, and Mirzapur and Sonebhdra districts of Uttar Pradesh.

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