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What is the basic structural unit of nucleic acids?

What is the basic structural unit of nucleic acids?

The basic repeating unit of nucleic acids are known as nucleotides. A nucleotide consists of three distinct chemical groups, a 5-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), a nitrogen-rich base – (cytosine (C), guanine (G), adenine (A), thymine (T) in DNA or uracil (U) instead of T (in RNA), and phosphate.

What is the basic structure and function of nucleic acids?

Nucleic acids, deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), carry genetic information which is read in cells to make the RNA and proteins by which living things function. The well-known structure of the DNA double helix allows this information to be copied and passed on to the next generation.

What is the basic structure of a nucleotide?

A nucleotide is the basic building block of nucleic acids (RNA and DNA). A nucleotide consists of a sugar molecule (either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA) attached to a phosphate group and a nitrogen-containing base. The bases used in DNA are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).

What are the 3 basic structures of a nucleotide?

The building blocks of DNA are nucleotides, which are made up of three parts: a deoxyribose (5-carbon sugar), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base (Figure 9.3).

What is nucleic acid made of?

Nucleic acids are giant biomolecules made of monomers called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: pentose sugar (5-carbon sugar), phosphate group, and nitrogenous base. The nucleic acids are of two major types: natural and synthetic nucleic acids.

What are the chemical pairs found in DNA?

More Information. DNA base pair. Under normal circumstances, the nitrogen-containing bases adenine (A) and thymine (T) pair together, and cytosine (C) and guanine (G) pair together. The binding of these base pairs forms the structure of DNA .

What is a nucleic acid made of?

A nucleic acid is a long molecule made up of smaller molecules called nucleotides. Nucleic acids were discovered in 1868, when twenty-four-year-old Swiss physician Friedrich Miescher isolated a new compound from the nuclei of white blood cells.

What are the basic structures that make up a nucleotide quizlet?

Nucleotides each have three parts: phosphate, sugar molecule, and one of four bases.

How many bases present in nucleic acid?

Nucleic acids contain five different nucleotide bases.

What is nucleic acid in chemistry?

Nucleic acids are long-chain polymeric molecules, the monomer (the repeating unit) is known as the nucleotides and hence sometimes nucleic acids are referred to as polynucleotides. Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA) are two major types of nucleic acids.

What is the structure of DNA?

Nucleotides are arranged in two long strands that form a spiral called a double helix. The structure of the double helix is somewhat like a ladder, with the base pairs forming the ladder’s rungs and the sugar and phosphate molecules forming the vertical sidepieces of the ladder.

What is nucleotide made of?

A molecule consisting of a nitrogen-containing base (adenine, guanine, thymine, or cytosine in DNA; adenine, guanine, uracil, or cytosine in RNA), a phosphate group, and a sugar (deoxyribose in DNA; ribose in RNA).

What is a nucleotide made of?

What is a base in nucleic acid?

The primary nucleic acid bases are adenine, cytosine, guanine, thymine, and uracil. Minor/modified nucleic acid bases are also found in RNA and DNA. Since nucleic acid bases are components of RNA, DNA, and coenzymes, they are broadly distributed in nature.

What are the structure and chemistry of nitrogenous bases?

A nitrogenous base is simply a molecule that contains nitrogen and has the chemical properties of a base. There are two kinds of nitrogenous bases present in DNA and RNA: pyrimidine bases and purine bases. The pyrimidine bases are cytosine, thymine (DNA only) and uracil (RNA only).

How nucleic acids are formed?

Nucleic acids are formed when nucleotides come together through phosphodiester linkages between the 5′ and 3′ carbon atoms. A nucleic acid sequence is the order of nucleotides within a DNA (GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule that is determined by a series of letters.

What is the chemical formula of DNA?

Deoxyribonucleic acid | C15H31N3O13P2 – PubChem.

What chemicals is DNA made of?

The information in DNA is stored as a code made up of four chemical bases: adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), and thymine (T).

What defines a nucleic acid?

​Nucleic Acids Nucleic acids are large biomolecules that play essential roles in all cells and viruses. A major function of nucleic acids involves the storage and expression of genomic information. Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, encodes the information cells need to make proteins.

What is the sequence of nucleic acid?

A nucleic acid sequence is a succession of bases signified by a series of a set of five different letters that indicate the order of nucleotides forming alleles within a DNA (using GACT) or RNA (GACU) molecule. By convention, sequences are usually presented from the 5′ end to the 3′ end.

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