What did Spain conquest?
What did Spain conquest?
The Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire, also known as the Conquest of Mexico or the Spanish-Aztec War (1519–21), was one of the primary events in the Spanish colonization of the Americas.
What were the Spanish motives for conquest?
Motivations for colonization: Spain’s colonization goals were to extract gold and silver from the Americas, to stimulate the Spanish economy and make Spain a more powerful country. Spain also aimed to convert Native Americans to Christianity.
What is a Spanish conquer called?
conquistador, (Spanish: “conqueror”) plural conquistadores or conquistadors, any of the leaders in the Spanish conquest of America, especially of Mexico and Peru, in the 16th century.
What are the three most important reasons for the Spanish conquest?
Superior Weapons. Spanish weaponry was far superior to anything used by the Aztecs or Incas.
Who did the Spanish conquer?
Hernán Cortés was a Spanish conquistador, or conqueror, best remembered for conquering the Aztec empire in 1521 and claiming Mexico for Spain.
Who did Spain conquer?
Beginning with Columbus in 1492 and continuing for nearly 350 years, Spain conquered and settled most of South America, the Caribbean, and the American Southwest.
Why did the Spanish conquer the Americas?
Driven by a desire for wealth, power and territories, countries such as Spain sent explorers known as conquistadors (conquerors) in search of new lands and trade routes. When the Spanish arrived in the Americas, there were two dominant empires there – the Aztec Empire and the Inca Empire.
How important is the Spanish conquest in the history of Europe?
The successes of Columbus ushered in an era of Spanish conquest that led numerous other European explorers to attempt similar colonization projects. Spain gained immense wealth from this expansionism, which translated into an influx of Spanish art and cultural capital.
Why did the Spanish want to conquer the Americas?
What did Spanish conquistadors?
During the Age of Discovery, conquistadors sailed beyond Europe to the Americas, Oceania, Africa, and Asia, colonizing and opening trade routes. They brought much of the Americas under the dominion of Spain and Portugal.
How did the Spanish conquer the New World?
Spanish conquistadors, who were primarily poor nobles from the impoverished west and south of Spain, were able to conquer the huge empires of the New World with the help of superior military technology, disease (which weakened indigenous resistance), and military tactics including surprise attacks and powerful …
Why did the Spanish conquered the Americas?
What was the conquest of America?
The Conquest of America is a fascinating study of cultural confrontation in the New World, with implications far beyond sixteenth-century America. The book offers an original interpretation of the Spaniards’ conquest, colonization, and destruction of pre-Columbian cultures in Mexico and the Caribbean.
What is the best-known indigenous account of the conquest of Mexico?
The best-known indigenous account of the conquest is Book 12 of Bernardino de Sahagún’s General History of the Things of New Spain and published as the Florentine Codex, in parallel columns of Nahuatl and Spanish, with pictorials.
Why was the conquest of Mexico important?
The Conquest of Mexico, the initial destruction of the great pre-Columbian civilizations, is a significant event in world history. The Conquest was well documented by a variety of sources with differing points of view, including indigenous accounts, by both allies and opponents.
Is there a copy of Bernardino de Sahagún’s account of the conquest?
It is likely that a 1585 revision of Bernardino de Sahagún’s account of the conquest survives today only in the form of a copy because it was made in Spain for Prescott’s project from a now-lost original.
What language did the Aztecs write their conquests?
Later accounts were written in the native tongue of the Aztec and other native peoples of central Mexico, Nahuatl . The native texts of the defeated Mexica narrating their version of the conquest describe eight omens that were believed to have occurred nine years prior to the arrival of the Spanish from the Gulf of Mexico.