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Do I need a permit for a deck in PA?

Do I need a permit for a deck in PA?

A Building Permit is required for a deck where the floor surface is greater than 30 inches above grade at any point.

How deep should footers be for a deck in PA?

IV) Footings Bottom of footings shall be a minimum of 24 inches below grade and shall bear on solid ground.

How do I find the code for my deck?

Deck codes

  1. Open the game on any device.
  2. Go to My Collections.
  3. Select one of your decks.
  4. Find and click the Copy button in the interface. Doing so will copy the code to your clipboard.
  5. Paste that value in the URL to retrieve it from the API.

Do you need a permit for a floating deck in PA?

Decks less than 30” high (measured from grade) do not require a Building Permit. For decks and porches over 30” high or having a roof, a Permit is required.

How deep should post holes be for a deck?

You can dig the footings 6″ deeper than the frost line. Use a 4×4 post to compact the soil at the bottom of the hole and then add 6″ of gravel for better drainage under the footing.

How far can deck joists span?

Depending on the size of the deck itself, whether your joists are spaced either 12 inches or 16 inches from the center, and the framing materials and size of deck boards used, deck joist spans may vary. With this in mind, the joist span can range between 6 ft, 10 inches, to 18 ft.

How deep is the frost line in PA?

Frost lines vary by latitude and are deeper closer to the poles. According to the Federal Highway Administration, the maximum frost depth ranges between zero to eight feet in the contiguous United States….Frost Lines by State 2022.

State Frost Lines (Inches)
Wyoming 56
New York 50
Nebraska 48
Pennsylvania 44

How far should deck posts be in the ground?

Set footers a minimum of 6” below the frost line for your area to prevent movement during freezing temperatures. Pour about 6 inches of all-purpose gravel into postholes and pack the gravel tight by using the end of a wooden post.

When building a deck What are the requirements?


  • 36 “minimum height when surface is 30” + above grade.
  • 200 lb concentrated load.
  • 50 lb concentrated load over 1 sqft or balusters.
  • 50 lbf vertical and horizontal load along top rail.
  • 4 “maximum gap between deck and underside of bottom rail.
  • 4 “maximum gap between balusters.

Do I need a beam for my deck?

Beams are a crucial part of any deck, so it’s imperative that they’re properly installed. A beam runs across the posts, parallel to the ledger, and supports the joists.

Does a deck need to be attached to the house?

Without any solid attachment a house, your deck will sway and wobble. It needs bracing, especially if it is high off the ground.

Should deck post be set in concrete?

There are several ways to set deck posts; we recommend attaching the posts to concrete footers above the ground. This helps to prevent wooden posts from rotting. Set footers a minimum of 6” below the frost line for your area to prevent movement during freezing temperatures.

Should pressure treated posts be set in concrete?

With pressure-treated posts, the rot will be slow. We have three ways to solve the rotten post problem. First, the posts should be set on top of a bed of coarse gravel 3 to 6 inches deep, so the base of the post is in contact with the gravel. Concrete should be poured around the post – no concrete under the post.

How far apart do deck posts need to be?

Starting with your perimeter, mark the location of each deck post to locate the fitting position. In general, posts should be spaced no more than 8 feet apart. Some builders position them every 4 feet for a completely rigid frame. The maximum distance between footings is determined by the size of your joist material.

How far apart do deck beams need to be?

12″ to 16″ apart
How wide apart should decking joists be? In North America, joist spacing for residential decks is 12″ to 16″ apart, or according to local building code. Most decks require 16″ spacing for the deck itself, with 12″ spacing used for special applications, such as stairs or commercial structures.

How deep do you have to dig for deck posts?

Dig the holes six inches deeper than the required frost line depth for your area, and slightly wider than the concrete footer tubes you’ll be using.

Do deck posts need to be below frost line?

Are footings required for decks?

Large decks that are attached to the house should always have footings because they act to spread the heavy load of the deck from the surface of a support post over a large surface of the soil so the ground can adequately support it.

What is the uniform construction code in Pennsylvania?

Uniform Construction Code. 34 Pa. Code § 403.21. Uniform Construction Code. § 403.21. Uniform Construction Code. (a) The Department adopts and incorporates by reference the following codes as the Uniform Construction Code:

What are the building code requirements for a deck?

There is no building code for decks. Instead, what you find is a single code for residential building and all the rules fall under that. A deck is merely one part of a residential building project. And so the following topics, covenants, easements, setback and variances are ancillary issues that over arch…

When do you need a building permit for a deck in PA?

Pennsylvania Uniform Construction Code DECK BUILDING PERMIT REQUIREMENTS Building Permit is required for a deck where the floor surface is greater than 30 inches above grade at any point.

How does decking span affect the safety of a deck?

DECK BOARD SPAN Avoid a bouncy, soft deck. The decking span you choose will effect the feel and potentially the safety of your deck. Your selection of decking material will determine the maximum spacing of your joist.

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