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What is the Grand and Petit Trianon?

What is the Grand and Petit Trianon?

The Grand Trianon is set within its own park, which includes the Petit Trianon (a smaller château built in the 1760s, during the reign of King Louis XV)….

Grand Trianon
Completed 1688
Renovated 1963
Client Louis XIV of France
Design and construction

What was the purpose of the Grand Trianon?

Commissioned by Louis XIV in 1670 to get away from the arduous pomp of life in the court and to pursue his affair with Madame de Montespan, the Grand Trianon is perhaps the most refined architectural ensemble found on the royal estate of Versailles.

What happened to the Petit Trianon?

During the French Revolution, the Petit Trianon became a hostel for a time, while the gardens narrowly escaped being divided into separate allotments. Napoleon restored the palace and gardens to their former glory, first for his sister Pauline and later for the Empress Marie-Louise, his second wife.

Is the estate of Trianon worth visiting?

The Grand Trianon, although not mentioned in our one-day visit of Versailles above, is worth checking if you have time to spare. People flock to the Petit Trianon, so the Grand Trianon is much less crowded yet as magnificent.

What does Trianon mean in English?

a small elegant villa
Definition of trianon : a small elegant villa especially : one in the grounds of a larger establishment.

What did Marie Antoinette do at the Petit Trianon?

The estate is perhaps most closely associated with Queen Marie-Antoinette. The wife of Louis XVI regularly sought refuge at the Petit Trianon, where she commissioned marvellous landscaped gardens centred around a hamlet of cottages built in the rustic style then in vogue.

Where is Marie Antoinette buried?

Basilica Cathedral of Saint Denis, Saint-Denis, FranceMarie Antoinette / Place of burial

Why is it called Trianon?

Etymology. From French Trianon, the name of a hamlet that formerly occupied the site on which the Grand Trianon would be built.

Was Marie Antoinette at Versailles?

Upon her arrival in Versailles, Marie Antoinette lived in the Queen’s State Apartment and was bound by the official rituals of her royal position: the waking-up ceremony, the elaborate preparations, royal audiences, public meals, etc.

What happened to Marie Antoinette’s house?

This one-storey building is of Italian-style architecture with a flat roof hidden by a balustrade. Later on, Napoleon lived there and refurnished it, then Louis-Philippe had it restored.

When did Hungary lose land?

On 4 June 1920, in the aftermath of World War I, the Allied Powers and Hungary signed the Treaty of Trianon, which resulted in Hungary losing two-thirds of its territory. The treaty is one of the most important events in the country’s modern history.

What happened to Marie Antoinette’s body and head?

She was buried in an unmarked grave and then exhumed. Following the execution of Marie Antoinette, her body was placed in a coffin and dumped into a common grave behind the Church of the Madeline.

Why do Hungarians have German names?

During the nineteenth and early twentieth century, in the Kingdom of Hungary people of non-Hungarian ethnicity — people of Jewish, German and Slovak ancestry — were encouraged to adopt Hungarian surnames. Some people with German names translated them directly into Hungarian.

Who took Hungary’s land?

The treaties of Saint-Germain-en-Laye and Trianon detached around 72% of the territory of the Kingdom of Hungary, which was ceded to Czechoslovakia, the Kingdom of Romania, the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes, the First Austrian Republic, the Second Polish Republic and the Kingdom of Italy.

Quelle est l’origine du décor de Trianon?

Comme la plupart des espaces de Trianon, il a conservé son décor d’origine mais non ses meubles, vendus à la Révolution et remplacés par Napoléon. De 1810 à 1814, il servit de grand cabinet à l’impératrice Marie-Louise, l’archiduchesse d’Autriche et petite-nièce de Marie-Antoinette.

Qu’est-ce que le Grand Trianon?

Grand Trianon. Le Grand Trianon est composé d’une cour, d’un palais, et d’un ensemble de jardins et de bassins : il comporte à son entrée une grande cour dénommée la Cour d’honneur, encadrée par un bâtiment divisé en deux ailes reliées par une galerie à colonnes portant le nom de « péristyle ».

Qu’est-ce que le Trianon de marbre?

Grand Trianon. Le Grand Trianon ou Trianon de marbre est un château que Louis XIV fait construire en 1687 par Louis le Vau à proximité de Versailles en France, au sein du parc du château de Versailles. L’extérieur du bâtiment est construit en marbre rose qui lui confère le nom de « Trianon de marbre »,…

Pourquoi le Grand Trianon a-t-il été aménagé?

L’aménagement du Grand Trianon a donné lieu à l’une des plus importantes commandes de peintures de chevalet effectuées par Louis XIV puisqu’entre 1688 et sa mort, il fait peindre près de 160 tableaux à destination du palais .

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