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What are Periuterine Varicosities?

What are Periuterine Varicosities?

Similar to varicose veins in the lower limbs, these varicosities are due to a combination of incompetent venous valves, retrograde blood flow, and venous dilation.

What is vein embolization?

An embolization is a minimally invasive procedure that blocks the blood supply to the faulty veins, causing them to shrink. Most procedures are performed in the angiography suite under mild to moderate sedation and local anesthesia.

What causes enlarged gonadal vein?

This is because veins enlarge during pregnancy to support the increased blood flow. This can permanently enlarge the veins and lead to symptoms. Hormones may also play a role in pelvic congestion syndrome. Estrogen makes veins wider (dilates).

What are the symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome?


  • Pelvic pain that worsens as the day goes on, particularly if much time is spent standing.
  • Pelvic pain that worsens during menstruation, after sex, or after certain physical activities.
  • Swollen vulva.
  • Varicose veins in the genital region or legs.
  • Hemorrhoids.
  • Low back pain.
  • Vaginal discharge.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding.

What does Parauterine mean?

(păr″ă-ū′tĕr-ĭn) [″ + L. uterus, womb] Located close to or around the uterus.

Can phleboliths be cancerous?

In most cases, pelvic phleboliths are benign. They don’t require any further treatment or evaluation. They are recognized as a normal part of aging. In rare cases, the presence of phleboliths in the pelvis can alert your doctor to the possibility of more serious conditions, such as venous malformations.

Is vein embolization safe?

What are the risks of varicocele embolization? The procedure is safe. Some very rare risks are: Infection.

What is varicocele embolization?

Varicocele embolization is an image-guided procedure that uses a catheter to place tiny coils and/or a liquid substance in a blood vessel to divert blood flow away from a varicocele. A varicocele is an enlarged vein in a male’s scrotum with reversed or stagnant blood flow. It can cause pain, swelling and infertility.

What is nutcracker syndrome?

Nutcracker syndrome is a rare vein compression disorder. It occurs when arteries, most often the abdomen’s aorta and superior mesenteric artery, squeeze the left renal (kidney) vein. It can cause many symptoms in both children and adults, such as flank pain and blood in the urine.

When should I be concerned about varicose veins?

If you have varicose veins and experience any of the following symptoms, it’s time to give your doctor a call: Severe and continuous pain and swelling in the legs. Heaviness and/or dull, achy feeling in the legs at the end of the day, or after physical activity.

Is pelvic congestion life threatening?

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PCS) causes chronic pain in the pelvic area, lower abdomen, and thighs. 2. May-Thurner Syndrome (MTS) causes leg pain and increases the risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT), a potentially life-threatening condition.

Will a CT scan show pelvic congestion?

Don’t make the diagnosis of Pelvic Congestion Syndrome on CT or MRI unless the patients meet clinical and imaging criteria. Dilated pelvic veins can be an incidental, clinically insignificant finding on CT and MRI, or may reflect pelvic congestion syndrome.

Can phleboliths cause pain?

Depending on the size, location, and number of phleboliths you have, you may never notice any symptoms. Sometimes they can cause pain in the stomach or pelvis. If the pain is very sharp, you may have kidney stones instead of phleboliths.

Should I worry about phleboliths?

How do I get rid of phleboliths?


  1. Sclerotherapy. In this procedure, the vein containing the phlebolith is shrunk with an injection.
  2. Endovascular laser therapy. This involves using a laser fiber to seal off the vein, and it is a common treatment for varicose veins.
  3. Surgery.
  4. Anti-inflammatories.

What are the side effects of varicocele embolization?

What are the risks of varicocele embolization?

  • Infection.
  • Allergic reaction.
  • Excess bleeding.
  • Migration of the coil sometimes used to block the enlarged vein.
  • Lower back pain.
  • Inflammation of the scrotum.
  • Inflammation of the vein.
  • Nausea.

How long does it take to recover from varicocele embolization?

Recovery time is much shorter after embolization than it is after surgery. Surgical options require a 1 – 2 week recovery period for normal lifestyle activities and a 4-week recovery period to resume sex. Recovery after varicocele embolization is typically 1 – 2 days.

Is varicocele embolization permanent?

Typically the varicocele embolization procedure takes about an hour to complete. Embolization leaves no permanent scarring. It involves only a nick to the skin in the groin area in order to insert a small catheter.

What are oral varicosities?

Oral varicosities are tortuous and aberrantly dilated venous structures that most often present on the lips and ventral tongue of older individuals They represent a developmental anomaly of unknown etiology with minimal clinical implications

What is the most common site for oral varices?

Besides ventral surface of the tongue, floor of the mouth (60 %, n = 186) was the most affected site, followed by buccal mucosa (30 %, n = 92), labial mucosa (27 %, n = 83), and others like soft palate and tongue border (7 %, n = 21). Fig. 2. Study flowchart. OV = Oral varices.

What type of tissue is the oral cavity lined with?

The oral cavity is lined by a mucous membrane (the oral mucosa) consisting of a stratified squamous epithelium, which may or may not be keratinized, and an underlying connective tissue layer, the lamina propria.

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